The Hoa Lo prison relic remains long with time until today, a clear testament to both a time of hardship and hardship, a symbol of the indomitable, resilient spirit of Vietnamese patriotic children. The following article will show you visitors should come here in Hanoi tours.
The name Hoa Lo, commonly translated as “fiery furnace” or even “Hell’s hole”, also means “stove”. The name originated from the street name phố Hoa Lo, due to the concentration of stores selling wood stoves and coal-fire stoves along the street from pre-colonial times.
Hoa Lo Prison, a historical place of patriotic tradition
Hanoi tours, visitors will be introduced by guides to Hoa Lo prison history. The prison was built in Hanoi by the French, in dates ranging from 1886–1889 to 1898 to 1901, when Vietnam was still part of French Indochina. It was intended to hold Vietnamese prisoners, particularly political prisoners agitating for independence who were often subject to torture and execution. Originally intended to house around 450 inmates, records indicate that by the 1930s there were close to 2000 prisoners. Hoa Lo was never a very successful prison, and hundreds escaped its walls over the years – many squeezing out through sewer grates.
Following the defeat at the Battle of Dien Bien Phu and the 1954 Geneva Accords, the French left Hanoi and the prison came under the authority of the Democratic Republic of Vietnam. Thereafter the prison served as an education center for revolutionary doctrine and activity, and it was kept around after the French left to mark its historical significance to the North Vietnamese.
Located in the heart of Hanoi Capital and known as one of the most inhumane prisons in Vietnam with the most modern equipment at the time for the harshest punishment. Hoa Lo Prison is a symbol of the Vietnamese patriots’ indomitable will and myriad sacrifice for the national independence.
This place depicts tiny cells and a collective enclosure where the prisoners were chained to each other. Various historical French documents have been exposed that illustrate the problem of overpopulation and sanctions. The piece of the historic prison that remains is preserved as a museum. The Vietnamese government maintains that reports of POW torture during the Vietnam War are fabrications, despite many accounts from previous inmates. As such, the exhibit from this era shows photos of American prisoners living a comfortable life: playing chess, raising chickens, etc. Artifacts from well-known prisoners are also on display, including McCain’s flight suit and parachute.
The bulk of the museum focuses on the French Colonial period and does not shy away from showing torture in detail. The stocks, the cramped solitary confinement cells, and the guillotine room are only a glimpse of the heinous treatment prisoners received at Hoa Lo.
Hoa Lo Prison is among the most frightening locations in Southeast Asia
Hanoi tours, tourists should visit this historic place once. The place where the rope was considered a symbol of the Vietnam War in the years of hardship.