In nearly every Myanmar tour, Yangon is usually the first and foremost stop as it is the country’s must-visit tourist attraction, most bustling commercial hub as well as largest city with its area of nearly 600 square kilometers and population of about 4.4 million. Before being replaced by Nay Pyi Daw in late 2005, the city was Myanmar’s capital. Nowadays, it is the main gateway to Myanmar – via airway, waterway, and road.
- Location: Yangon region, heart of Lower Myanmar
- Status: Myanmar’s former capital
- Population: 4,348,000 (2010 census)
- Area: 598.75 square km
- Religions: Buddhism, Hinduism, Islam, Christianity
- Myanmar’s largest city and most significant commercial centre
Originally, Yangon was the small village of Dagon, and later in 1755 conquered by Alaungpaya King who changed it into Yangon, meaning “end of strife”. After being captured and returned by British in the First Anglo-Burmese war (1824-1826), in 1841, the city was destroyed in a fire. In the Second war in 1852, it was brought to life again under a new identity – British Burma’s political and commercial centre. In 1885 when the entire Burma was seized British colony in the Third Anglo-Burmese war, Yangon became the official capital of British Burma. By gaining its independence from Britain in 1948, Burma has developed quickly, especially Yangon. With green covering the land, cool weather, tropical trees along two roadsides, many green parks and beautiful lakes, Yangon is known as the garden city of the East.